Midwives are professionals who support and assist the women in childbirth. Midwives deliver care to women throughout their pregnancy and birth and some also provide primary care related to reproductive health. This care includes pregnancy examination, contraceptive psychotherapy, support of normal birth, accessing medical care, finding complications in mother and child and delivery care. Midwives need knowledge of reproductive education in diet, fertility, contraception, breastfeeding, prenatal period health, and quality infant care. The midwife also has key roles in education and health therapy not only for the women but also for the extended family and society. As primary care public services are currently lacking many developing countries are investing the money and training for midwives and other community health workers.
· New-born Research
· Midwifery Prenatal Care
· Gynaecological Care
· Postpartum Depression
· Childbirth Care
Though both men and women have various conditions, some health issues affect women inversely and more frequently. Moreover, many women’s health conditions go undiagnosed and nearly all drug experiments do not include woman test subjects. Still, women suffer with exclusive health worries, such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, menopause, and reproductive problem. Females suffer greater heart attack deaths equated to men. Recession and anxiety exhibit more commonly among female patients. Urinary tract infections and other conditions present more often in women, and sexually transmitted diseases can cause more hurt to women.
· Gynecological Health
· Pregnancy Issues
· Health Technology for Women
· Depression and Anxiety
· Ovarian and Cervical Cancer
Obstetrics and Gynecology is a branch of medicine that focuses in the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth and in the diagnosis and the treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs. It is abbreviated as OB-GYN and those doctors have broad and specific training in obstetrics and gynecology. OB-GYNs offer an extensive range of preventive care services, including pap smears, STI testing, pelvic exams, ultrasounds, and blood work.
· Female pelvic specialists
· Gynecologic oncologists
· Reproductive endocrinologists
· Infertility Treatments
· Management of Urinary Issues
· Breast Exams and Breast Health Management
Maternal-fetal medicine experts also known as perinatology specialists treat high-risk pregnancies. They focus on the health of the mother and the baby, and may also supervise complicated or high-risk deliveries, for instance, the vaginal delivery of a baby in the breech position.
Significant Service: Pregnancy Complications; Fetal Anomalies
Main Focus: Mothers and new-borns (Complicated Situations)
· Non-Stress Test
· Chorionic villus
Water birth is the procedure of giving birth in a tub of warm up water. Some women prefer to labor in the water and clear out for delivery. Some females choose to remain in the water for the delivery as well. The principle following water birth is that since the baby has already been in the amniotic fluid sac for nine months, birthing in a related natural environment is gentler for the baby and less worrying for the mother. Midwives, birthing centres, and an increasing number of obstetricians consider that reducing the stress of labor and delivery will reduce fetal complications. Waterbirth should always occur under the guidance of a qualified healthcare provider.
· Birth Pool
· Risks of Baby Birth in Water
· Babies Breathe during a Water Birth
· Pros & Cons of Delivering a Baby in Water
A doula is educated to help women and their extended family while giving birth, whether vaginally or by caesarean. One of the most considerable methods that doulas can have a positive impact on maternal-infant health is to assist in lessening the need for a caesarean section. A doula and a midwife offer unique types of benefits, even though both may help the childbirth experience. Midwives have medical education and during the childbirth process, focus on delivering a healthful baby. Doulas, instead, focus on the desires of the mother, offering psychological, physical, and emotional support.
· Caesarean Surgery
· Role of a Doula
· Types of Support
· Vaginal Birth After C-Section
· Breech Birth and Surgery Techniques
A woman’s reproductive system is a complicated and difficult system in the body. It is important to take steps to protect it from diseases and injury and prevent problems that involve some long-term health problems. Some female reproductive disorders associated with fertility and fecundity may arise during fetal growth. Female reproductive organs start to develop amongst the fourth and fifth week of pregnancy and continue until the 20th week of pregnancy. Due to the complexity of the development of the reproductive system, many issues may alter the healthful growth of these vital tissues, organs, and hormonal messaging pathways. Variations may be the result of genetic deformities from external factors that may modify the normal development of specific tissues.
· Sexually Transmitted Diseases
· Sexual Violence
· Common Reproductive Health Concerns
Prenatal care helps decrease risks during pregnancy and improves the possibility of a safe and healthful delivery. Children born to mothers who lack prenatal care have triple the chance of being born at a low birth weight. Babies with low birth weight are five times more expected to die than those whose mothers got prenatal care. Prenatal care preferably starts at least three months prior to begin to conceive. Although most attention to pregnancy care centres on the nine months of pregnancy, postpartum care is essential. The post-delivery period lasts six to eight weeks, commencing right after the baby is born. During this time, the mother goes through various physical and emotional changes while be taught to care for her new-born. Postpartum care involves getting proper rest, nutrition, and vaginal care as well.
· Folic Acid Supplements
· Diet and Exercise
· Eating Right
· Emotional and Physical Care
· Vaginal Care
Neonatology is a subspecialty that comprises of the medical care of new-born infants, particularly the ill or premature baby. It is a hospital-based specialty and is typically practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The primary patients of neonatologists are infant who are ill or need special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, genetic malformations (birth defects), sepsis, pulmonary hypoplasia or birth asphyxia.
· Screenings for Newborns
· Resuscitation of a Newborn
· Heart Disease (Congenital) in Infants
· Other AFP Content
Antenatal depression, also recognized as prenatal or perinatal depression, is a type of clinical depression that can affect a woman throughout pregnancy and can be a sign to postpartum depression if not correctly treated. It is expected that 7% to 20% of pregnant women are affected by this disorder. Any form of prenatal stress felt by the mother can adversely effects on different aspects of fetal development, which can trigger harm to the mother and child. Even after birth, a child born from a depressed or stressed mother feels the affects. The child is less active and can also be impaired from emotional distress. Antenatal depression can be affected by the stress and worry that pregnancy can bring, but at a more severe level. Other causes include unintended pregnancy, complexity becoming pregnant, story of abuse, and economic or family conditions.
· Male Perspective for Antenatal Depression
· Perinatal Therapy
· Mental Health Counselor
· Hormones as Triggers
· Postpartum Psychosis and Baby Blues
A urogynecologist is a Doctor of Medicine with special training in urology, gynecology and obstetrics who directs the evaluation and treatment of non-cancerous conditions affecting the female pelvic organs and their supporting muscles and tissues, as well as pelvic reconstructive surgery. In some countries is also identified as Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery.
· Female Genital Problems and Injuries
· Urinary Incontinence
· Bladder and Urethral Pain
· Vaginal or Uterine Prolapse
· Obstructed Defecation Anal Incontinence, and Perineal Injury
Endometriosis triggers endometrial tissue, which usually lines the uterus, to expand outside of the uterus. It can cause chronic pain, severe or irregular periods, and infertility. A few people also report weight gain and bloating. PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) has some comparable signs to endometriosis. PCOS happens due to a hormonal imbalance and, like endometriosis, can cause painful periods. Further symptoms of PCOS include irregular or absent periods.
· Drugs to treat endometriosis and PCOS
· Symptoms of endometriosis and PCOS
· How to lose weight with endometriosis and PCOS
· Endometriosis and PCOS during pregnancy
· Rectovaginal Endometriosis
Gynaecologists qualified in minimally invasive gynaecologic surgery specialize in assessing and treating females who have a wide range of noncancerous (benign) gynaecologic conditions, including heavy menstrual periods (menorrhagia), irregular menstrual periods (metrorrhagia), pelvic pain, endometriosis and ovarian cysts. This surgical procedure technique can be done with lessen pain and with shorten recovery time.
· Hysteroscopic surgery
· Advanced laparoscopic surgery
· Robotic surgery
· Vaginal surgery
· Advanced Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
Midwives have a vital role in health and wellness promotion and education for the woman, her family and the society. Midwifery practice includes informing and preparing the woman and her family for pregnancy, birth, breastfeeding and parenting and includes certain aspects of women's health, family planning and infant well-being. The midwife may perform in any placing, including the home, the public, hospitals, or in any other maternity service. In all locations, the midwife remains responsible and responsible for the care they provide.
· Scope of practice
· Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings
· Education, Training, Regulation and Practice
· Men in midwifery